Tooth Decay

Tooth Decay Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, Prevention

What is tooth decay?

The creation of tooth decay (hollow spaces) could be a major menace for certain people, be it children or adults. However, tooth decay can be arrested to a large magnitude if a few basic concepts could be understood and practiced meticulously.

Briefly, dental decay is a place on an incisor where a considerable amount of the incisor's mineral substance has been washed forming a hole, a defect or in other names popularly well known as cavity.

Let us now discuss on the subject to make the description still easier to understand better.

Identical Terminology for Tooth Decay

Two terminologies are often used to explain tooth decay. The most familiar is "cavity," which means a hole that is quite often formed as a consequence of the dental decay action. The other alternative terminology used with "dental decay" is "caries." This term is most frequently used in dental journalism. The expression "caries" is obtained from the Latin word "rot," which appears to be a realistically correct narrative of the dental decay action.

Has Tooth Decay constantly been a Menace to Mankind?

Like many diseases and illnesses, it has become very common for almost every person to have menace of one type or the other of tooth decay. Hollow spaces first became an epidemic stretched over a large geographic area or in short called as pandemic. However, with the founding of sugar farms in the 1700s, dental decay plagued quite a large number of people.

Dental Structure Relates to Tooth Decay

Firstly, one needs to analyze in expressions of an incisor being a rigid calcified object. Teeth have nerves inside with its tissue being soft, but the tooth’s surface (where dental rot starts) erupts from kinds of tissues which are highly rich in mineral content called enamel and dentin. A disdain of a tooth radiograph clearly describes where the dentin and enamel regions of incisions are positioned.


The enormous mainstream of the facade region of a visible dental is concealed by enamel which is the most rigid tissue observed in the humans. The enamel is more than 95% in mineral composition and most of its contents are especially a single compound namely hydroxyapatite which is enriched in calcium.


It may be surprising to hear that teeth are not rigid enamel. Only a dental part, which is allowed by the nature to rest on the gum line, is concealed by enamel. The majority of a tooth, both its root and concealed features, is composed of another calcified tissue called dentin. Dentin too contains the mineral hydroxyapatite, but to a lesser magnitude compared to enamel. Only approximately two thirds of the dentin content are mineral and are softer than enamel.